Islam is a universal religion and every system of it is natural. Zakat is one of the basic tenets of Islam. Zakat is the trust of Allah in the wealth of every human being. Zakat has been imposed on the people so that the poor and the needy can spend the days of their lives well and at the same time avoid starvation in times of compulsion. The Prophet (PBUH) swore that charity does not reduce wealth but increases it.
“If you spend something, it pays off. God is the best of providers.” [Surat Saba: 39]
A man can fulfill the truth in the true sense only by following the principles revealed by God, not by his own will, but by the one who has the trust. It has been emphasized in the Holy Qur’an about Zakat. The amount of Zakat to be paid is not too much, but the meager share is only 2.5%. But in terms of reward, it is very great. Is. The importance and usefulness of Zakat is understood from the fact that it is mentioned in the Qur’an with worship like prayer. The Prophet (PBUH) said:
“If the rich do not pay the share of the poor and needy who Wealth is in accordance with the Shari’ah or the command of God, so it should be fought.”
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“By Allah, people! If anyone gives a goat to the Prophet (PBUH) and refuses to give it to me, I will fight him to the last breath for the sake of Allah. This indicates the importance and virtue of Zakat.”
Allah Almighty makes someone rich out of His bounty and wants him not to spend his wealth as he pleases, because he does not own it but spends it in the way I have told him. And they should not consider wealth as their own, but should consider it as a trust and give thanks to Allah that He has chosen it.
Sacrifice your wealth:
Zakat means to sacrifice one’s wealth. Sacrificing one’s wealth brings out real and pure things. Just as ablution purifies the limbs, so does Zakat purify the soul. Zakat increases and increases wealth. Apparently, wealth seems to have decreased, but this is not the case because a certain share belongs not only to the rich but also to the poor and needy.
Zakat also says “Zakat-ul-Mal” that this wealth is paid from Zakat. No one does charity by paying Zakat, but pays the dues of the rightful owners. If it is not paid, we will be in deficit here and there. He angered the giver of wealth. He will bless someone else with something like this blessing and this grace will continue to flow from that person.
The second is that on the Day of Resurrection this wealth will be a calamity and those who are truly entitled will complain to Allah (SWT) that He has not paid my due in this world, in the way you have described.
One more thing, let no one understand that we have paid Zakat and we have been acquitted. Now we do not have to spend anything on anyone. It is not like that at all. We should continue to spend wealth to needy. Giving Zakat to anyone is not worthwhile but to a real person or a real cause
Zakat must be paid to prevent wealth from becoming impure, otherwise blessings will not be continue on the wealth. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Take out Zakat because it will purify you and pay a merciful reward to your relatives and pay the dues of the poor, the needy and the beggars.
Wealth does not belong to anyone permanently, and if it does, it does not belong to man. Therefore, when the bounty of Allah comes, in the form of wealth or in any other form, pay your full dues. Do not even think that we have achieved this with our practical ability, wisdom, intellect and understanding. This is a great ignorance. Rather, thanks to the real owner who chose you for this wealth.
Obligation of Zakat: According to Ibn-e-Kathir’s Narration, the obligation of Zakat was revealed in Makkah in early Islam.
Curriculum of Zakat: In the early days of Islam, there was no specific syllabus or amount for Zakat, but it was fixed in Madinah after the Hijrah. If Muslims had enough money to meet their needs, they would spend it in the way of Allah.
The obligation (Nesab) of Zakat is seven and a half (7.5) tola of gold or fifty-two and a half (52.5) tola of silver which is equal to 87.48 grams of gold or 612.36 grams of silver or its value according to the present times, then it will be considered as Sahib-e-Nisab (means obligatory to pay Zakat).
Amount of Zakat: Zakat is 2.5 percent on cash and merchandise. The amount of Zakat is between 2.5 and 20 percent.
It is preferable (Mustahab) that the month of payment of Zakat be fixed and every year in this month (at the end of the year according to the lunar month) he should calculate his wealth and pay it. Usually some people arrange it in the month of Ramadan and some in the month of Muharram. Zakat should be avoided by being delayed, but premature payment is necessarily correct. For example, given the current situation.
Expenses of Zakat / Zakat Beneficiaries: It is obligatory to spend zakat on eight expenditures. Allah Almighty has stated them in very clear words, and also said that it is obligatory to spend Zakat on those expenditures, and this is a decision based on knowledge and wisdom.
“Alms giving is only for the poor and needy, and for those who do [collecting Zakat], and for those whose hearts are intended to be reconciled, and to redeem their necks, and to pay the ransom, and in the way of Allah, and on the wayfarer. This is a duty from Allah, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.” [Surat Tauba: 60]
From the above verses it is known that there are eight types of people who are entitled to Zakat which are as follows:
The Poor (Fuqarah): The most deserving of Zakat are the poor, meaning the poor who have nothing.
The Needy (Masakeen): The needy called to those who have less than their minimum needs, meaning they have food and drink but less. Therefore, they are also entitled to Zakat.
The Perpetrators (Aameleen): By the way, it should be used for people who are in charge of receiving alms and zakat from the Islamic government.
The Blending hearts (Moalafat-ul-Qulub): It refers to people who are encouraged by charity. According to the commentators, there is a difference of opinion as to who is meant by it. There are many types of people, such as Muslims and non-Muslims. New Muslims, poor and needy etc.
In the Necks (Fil-Raqab): Raqba means neck, that is, to get rid of a strained neck. According to the majority of jurists and narrators, it means slave. In order to free a slave, a special amount of Zakat should be given to his master.
The Debtor (Al-Gharmin): The debtor refers to people who are in debt and cannot afford to pay it. It should be noted that the loan was not taken for any illegal work.
In the way of God (Fi-Sabeelillah): For the sake of Allah means one who strives in the way of Allah. The majority of scholars and jurists have taken it to mean Mujahideen and pilgrims. And some have added to it all kinds of good deeds which are for the sake of Allah, such as building mosques, madrassas and highways which are beneficial for the common people.
The Passenger (Ibn-e-Sabeel): This refers to a traveler who is wealthy at home but for some reason does not have enough money to travel. This means that no matter how much wealth one has in one’s homeland, but when one is in need in another country or city, Zakat can be given to such a person. So that he could return home.
Note: Everyone should give priority to giving Zakat and Sadaqat to his loved ones if he is deserving, because there is a double reward in it, one is charity and the other is mercy. Zakat can be given to siblings, uncles, aunts, cousins, relatives and friends.
Zakat should be given only to Muslims but Fitra can also be given to non-Muslims.
Hassan Ahmad is a research scholar. He is pursuing his PhD as well associated with an IT company in India. He has an excellent command on language and having good thoughts on social causes.