“Sahur” refers to the Pre-Dawn Meal during Ramadan a person eats in the last part of the night, it is also called Sehri because pre-dawn is called Sehar in Urdu and this food is eaten at the same time.
Muslims should get up at dawn during Ramadan and prepare and eat as required. Even if it is only a bite or two or a few dates. Because this food is a blessing and getting up at dawn and eating is the motto of Islam.
There are many Hadith on the virtue of Sahur:
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“Have Sahur, for there is a blessing in Sahur.” [Al-Bukhari]
In the same way, The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“The difference between our fasting and the fasting of the people of the Book is eating Sahur.” [Muslim]
In another Hadith, The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“Of course, Allah has mercy on those who practice Sahur and his angels pray for mercy for them.” [Al-Ahmad]
In these Hadiths, Sahur refers to the food that a fasting person eats at pre-dawn time. Eating Sahur helps the fasting person to fast and the whole day passes easily. Even having Sahur in the right way during the entire month of Ramadan, will help you earn the rewards of fasting.
Many scholars also pointed out the importance and blessings of Sahur. Al-Nawawi (Rahima’ullah) said:
There is a consensus among the scholars on the Mustahab of Sahur and that it is not obligatory to perform Sahur. The matter of blessing in Sahur is also clear because having Sahur helps in fasting and keeps the body strong throughout the day. Since it reduces the feeling of hardship in fasting, it also encourages fasting more so this is the true meaning of the word “Blessing”.
Views of Nutritionist on Sahur:
Nutritionists also suggested that Sahur supports a healthy metabolism, reduces hunger pangs, improves mental alertness, better brain health, provides energy, rehydrates, improves digestion, helps maintain lean muscle mass, and reduces fatigue.
It is advised to avoid high glucose foods such as white rice and opt for a fiber-rich and low-carbohydrate meal during Sahur to avoid hunger pangs.
People who tend to eat a lot of sugary food have a short period of fullness but more frequency of hunger throughout the day.
A high fiber diet helps prevents that much-dreaded sugar spike and also prevents constipation, one of the biggest problems during Ramadan.
The time of Sahur is pre-dawn time. If it is dawn, then stop eating and drinking.
Some people drink water even after hearing the Adhan of Fajr prayer or the sound of the siren. This is not a correct practice. Suppose that the last time of Sahur is 5:05 am, then Adhan of Fajr will be after 5:05 am. So, finish your Sahur or eating in any case before that. You should get relief from eating and drinking. If you drink water while listening to the call to prayer or siren, that will impact on the purity of your fasting.
Maulana Intekhab is an Educationist and currently doing M.Ed from Maulana Azad National Urdu University Hyderabad. He is very fond of writing on Islamic and Social topics.